Manuscripts should be provided as a Microsoft Word Document. PDF files will not be accepted. The text
should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible.
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the
principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is presented separately from the article, so it must be
able to stand alone. Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must
be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. An Arabic translation of the abstract is required.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or
a summary of the results.
Detailed information about the materials and/or subjects involved in the study in addition to the required
specifications concerning methods should be provided.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Avoid extensive citations and
discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone
or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in
appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.
1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Title page information
Title should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. Author names
and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this
clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.
Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of
the appropriate address. Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all
stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers are provided in
addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by
the corresponding author.
Figures should be supplied 'as is' in the native format as separate files. Images should be in saves as TIFF
(or JPEG) for Color or grayscale photographs in 300 dpi resolution.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title and a description of the
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below
the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the
use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).
References in the text should be cited as the name(s) of author(s) and year.
References should be arranged alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More
than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc.,
placed after the year of publication.
Reference to a journal publication:
Hassan, A.M.; Ahmed, S.A. and Mostafa F.R. (2005): Role of antioxidants in treatment of anemia. Egypt. J.
Med. Sci., 26: 401-410.
Reference to a book:
Strunk, W. Jr. and White, E.B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman, Chapter 4. pp:55-
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G.R. and Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In Jones B.S. and
Smith R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age. New York: E-Publishing Inc. pp: 281–304