CLINICAL AND THERAPEUTIC INVESTIGATION ON TOXOCARA VITULORUM INFESTATION IN BUFFALO CALVES
Salama A. Osmana, Sahar Abu El-khairb, Magdy H. Al-Gaabarya, Sabry A. El-Khoderyc
aDepartment of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafr elsheikh University, Egypt. bDepartment of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Egypt
cDepartment of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University.
Gastrointestinal parasites in production animals are of economic value, therefore, treatment warranted to keep high profit. As little is known about use of different drugs on ascariasis in buffalo, the goal of the present study was to characterize the clinical findings and treatment outcomes of toxocariasis in buffaloes in Delta region, Egypt. A total of 204 buffaloes of different ages and sex were examined for the presence of Toxocara vitulorum over a period of 6 months at Delta region, Egypt. Toxocara vitilorum was identified in 16.6 % of the examined buffaloes. The disease was more prevalent in calves less than 6 months. The clinical reactions were varied from nil to severe. This was differs according to the animal age and the severity of infestation. These signs were inappetence, diarrhea or constipation, slight tympany and pica in most cases. Normal body temperature was observed in all infected cases. Concerning the haematological findings, the haemoglobin levels, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count were lower in ascarid-infected calves than in controls. on other hand, eosinophilia was observed in infected calves compared to control ones. Evaluation of ivermectin, and piperazine citrate was assessed in these naturally infected animals. Deworming of the host by the anthelmintic led to normalization of the clinical and hematological parameters after two and four weeks post-treatment for ivermectin and piperazine citrate, respectively.